Normal blood pressure varies according to a person’s age, gender, and health, and can be influenced by a variety of factors, including lifestyle habits such as stress, sedentary lifestyles, and an unhealthy diet.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that everyone take care of their blood pressure levels, especially after the age of 45. The WHO normal blood pressure table is the reference to be used to monitor blood pressure levels. It discriminates the normal blood pressure values by age.
What are the Normal Blood Pressure Values?
The force of blood on the walls of blood vessels is known as blood pressure (BP). The PA unit is millimeters of mercury (mmHg). The systolic and diastolic pressures are also measured.
Systolic pressure: The pressure in the heart when pumping blood.
Diastolic pressure: The pressure of the heart when it is at rest.
Normal blood pressure values according to WHO
Normal blood pressure in adults is 120 mm Hg1 (systolic pressure) and 80 mm Hg (diastolic pressure).
When the systolic pressure is equal to or greater than 140 mm Hg and/or the diastolic pressure is equal to or greater than 90 mm Hg, the blood pressure is considered high.
WHO classification of high blood pressure
- A normal blood pressure level includes levels below 130/85 mmHg.
- It is considered high when it exceeds 130-139 / 85-89 mmHg.
- A person has isolated systolic hypertension when the systolic blood pressure value exceeds 140 mmHg.
- Light hypertension (grade I) comprises levels of 140-159 / 90-99 mmHg.
- Moderate hypertension (grade II) is between 160-179 / 100-109 mmHg.
- Severe hypertension (grade III) includes levels above 180-110 mmHg.
If they both fall into different categories when measuring, the higher one is used.
Normal Blood Pressure Table by Age
You can also discriminate between normal blood pressure in women and normal blood pressure in men.
Women can have high or low blood pressure during pregnancy and also during menopause, as estrogen levels are significantly reduced. Estrogen, the female hormone, helps regulate blood pressure.
Why control your blood pressure?
The WHO recommends controlling blood pressure because hypertension does not cause any visible symptoms. It is a high-risk disease and is therefore known as “the silent killer“. The higher the blood pressure, the greater the cardiovascular danger and the greater the risk of brain and kidney damage.
Hypertension is considered to be the most important cause of cardiovascular disease and stroke. However, this is preventable and requires regular monitoring of blood pressure values.
How to control blood pressure?
Blood pressure monitors or sphygmomanometers are used to check blood pressure. These are medical devices for use in the office or at home that measures blood pressure in the arm or wrist.
There are several models on the market, with different functions, so it is important to choose a suitable blood pressure monitor for the use you require.
You can consult this information to help you choose in our article on Blood Pressure Monitors.
Risk Factors for Hypertension
Risk factors for hypertension are conditions that increase your chance of high blood pressure.
There are some factors that cannot be changed, such as age, gender, and family history of hypertension, but there are also things that can be changed or treated, such as:
- High cholesterol
- SmokingExcessive alcohol use
It is important to note that the more risk factors you have, the higher your blood pressure is likely to be, which increases your risk of cardiovascular disease.
That’s why it’s important to avoid risk factors and regularly check your blood pressure values to make sure they’re normal, especially if you’re over 45.
We hope this article has been useful to you to know if your blood pressure values are within the normal range. If not, read on our blog to get a good blood pressure monitor and get our best advice and reports on the subject.