Hemp or industrial hemp is one of the many varieties of the Cannabis sativa plant that has industrial use. It is commonly used in the manufacture of textiles, cosmetics, and medicines. Although in recent times, it has also given you something to talk about as a nutrient.
The main difference between hemp and marijuana is that it has a lower percentage of THC, its psychotropic component recognized for its recreational use, but in return has more CBD (cannabidiol), the cannabinoid popularized for its medicinal use.
Hemp has a variety of uses in industry, but the health benefits it can provide are now also recognized, especially in terms of the nutritional properties of its seeds and oil.
What is hemp?
Hemp is the Cannabis sativa plant that is grown for industrial purposes. Its harvest is used to obtain fibers, seeds, and oils, from which a wide variety of products are made:
- Textile fibers.
- Pulp for the paper.
- Ecological fuels.
- Materials for bioconstruction.
- Insulating materials.
- Seeds and oils rich in fats.
- Cosmetic products.
- Medicinal oil.
In some countries such as Canada, France, and Sweden there are industries that manufacture hemp derivatives. With these inputs are manufactured houses, clothes, soaps, shampoo, insulating materials, felt, paints and many other products for daily use.
What are the Differences between Hemp and Marijuana?
- Types of cultivation
Hemp and marijuana are grown differently. The hemp is produced according to its total mass because the whole plant is used, while the cannabis is cultivated to produce its female flowers (buds), rich in THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
- THC levels
Marijuana plants contain high levels of THC, but hemp contains very low amounts of this psychoactive substance. This proportion is the difference by which many countries rely on to determine whether a plant is a hemp or marijuana. Any Cannabis sativa plant containing more than 0.3% THC is considered marijuana. Below those levels, it’s hemp.
Medicinal Cannabis may or may not contain high levels of THC, as other cannabinoids, such as CBD, present in hemp, offer various health benefits.
But medical marijuana contains between 5 and 20% THC. This is one of the cannabinoids used to relieve pain.
Learn more about medical marijuana in THC: Medicinal Effects of Marijuana.
In the USA, both hemp and marijuana are considered drugs, but hemp is grown and regulated in more than 30 countries. The use of hemp products for human consumption, whether for food or medical use, has been regulated almost everywhere in the world.
But medical marijuana (THC) is still illegal in much of the world, except for some countries like Germany, Israel, Canada, and Uruguay.
Health Properties of Hemp
The food industry has begun to produce hemp seed and oil for human consumption, as these products have various properties that can be very beneficial to health.
Hemp seeds contain more essential fatty acids than seeds from any other existing plant, and hemp oil has a very low proportion of saturated fats.
Properties of Hemp Seed
Nutritional information (per 100 grams)
- 25 grams of protein
- 6 grams of linolenic acid
- 17 grams of linoleic acid
- 18 mg of iron
- 820 mg phosphorus
- 170 mg of calcium
- 35 g of fibers
Hemp seeds are very nutritious. They contain vitamins of the A, B, C, D and E groups, a large number of minerals and essential fatty acids, such as Omega 3 and Omega 6.
Its benefits are multiple:
- They have an antioxidant effect and act on free radicals to prevent cellular oxidation.
- They lower cholesterol, promote arterial and cardiovascular health.
- Strengthen the immune system.
- They help to eliminate toxins from the body.
- Relieve stress and tension, improve sleep.
Properties of Hemp Oil
Hemp oil (cane oil) is a healthy oil that contains only 8% saturated fat. It also contains 55 % linoleic acid and 25 % linolenic acid, the acids that transform food into energy and distribute it in the body.
Both products are just some of the applications of hemp for the food industry.
Both the Cannabis sativa plant considered hemp and the marijuana plant have been shown to contain nutrients that may provide various benefits for human consumption.
Tell us what you think about the fact that most of its benefits are still hidden from the population because of the disinformation – we want to read your comments!